TITLE III COMMUNITY PROTECTION

CHAPTER 3 TRAFFIC CODE

3-3-1 – Short Title
3-3-2 – Definitions
3-3-3 – Traffic Accident Reports
3-3-4 – Police Department to Submit Annual Reports

ENFORCEMENT AND OBEDIENCE TO TRAFFIC REGULATIONS

3-3-5 – Authority of Police and Fire Department Officials
3-3-6 – Required Obedience to Provisions of this Chapter and State
Law

TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES

3-3-7 – Authority to Install Traffic-Control Devices
3-3-8 – Chief of Police to Designate Crosswalks, Establish and Mark Traffic
Lanes

3-3-9 – Play Streets

TURNING MOVEMENTS

3-3-10 – Turning Markers, Buttons, and Signs
3-3-11 – Authority to Place Restricted Turn Signs
3-3-12 – Obedience to No-Turn Signs
3-3-13 – “U” Turns

ONE-WAY STREETS AND ALLEYS

3-3-14 – Authority to Restrict Direction of Movement on Streets During
Certain Periods

SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED

3-3-15 – Authority to Erect Stop Signs
3-3-16 – Stops at Intersecting Through Designated Highways and Other
Intersections

3-3-17 – Stop When Traffic is Obstructed

PEDESTRIANS’ RIGHTS AND DUTIES

3-3-18 – Pedestrians on Left

METHOD OF PARKING

3-3-19 – Standing or Parking Close to Curb
3-3-20 – Signs or Markings Indicating Angle Parking
3-3-21 – Obedience to Angle Parking Signs or Markings

STOPPING, STANDING, OR PARKING PROHIBITED IN SPECIFIED PLACES

3-3-22 – Stopping, Standing, or Parking Prohibited in Specified Places
3-3-23 – Authority to Paint Curbs and Erect Signs Prohibiting Standing
or Parking

3-3-24 – Authority to Impound Vehicles

STOPPING, STANDING, OR PARKING

3-3-25 – Parking Signs Required
3-3-26 – Parking During Snow Emergency
3-3-27 – All-Night Parking Prohibited
3-3-28 – Truck Parking Limited

MISCELLANEOUS DRIVING RULES

3-3-29 – Vehicles Not to be Driven on Sidewalks
3-3-30 – Clinging to Vehicles
3-3-31 – Parking for Certain Purposes Prohibited
3-3-32 – Driving Through Funeral or Other Procession
3-3-33 – Drivers in a Procession
3-3-34 – Funeral Processions to be Identified
3-3-35 – Load Restrictions Upon Vehicles Using Certain Streets
3-3-36 – Truck Routes
3-3-37 – Vehicular Noise
3-3-38 – Engine and Compression Brakes

BICYCLE REGULATIONS

3-3-39 – Definitions
3-3-40 – Traffic Code Applies to Persons Riding Bicycles
3-3-41 – Riding on Bicycles
3-3-42 – Riding on Roadways and Bicycle Paths
3-3-43 – Speed
3-3-44 – Emerging from Alley or Driveway
3-3-45 – Carrying Articles
3-3-46 – Parking
3-3-47 – Riding on Sidewalks
3-3-48 – Lamps and Other Equipment on Bicycles

SNOWMOBILES

3-3-49 – Snowmobile Definitions
3-3-50 – Permitted Areas of Operation
3-3-51 – Regulations
3-3-52 – Equipment Required
3-3-53 – Unattended Vehicles
3-3-54 – Restriction of Operation
3-3-55 – Traffic Regulation

OFF-ROAD VEHICLES

3-3-56 – Definitions
3-3-57 – Operation of Off-Road Vehicles

GOLF CARTS

3-3-58 – Definitions
3-3-59 -Operation of Golf Carts

PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE ON ARREST

3-3-60 – Notice of Fine Placed on Illegally Parked Vehicle
3-3-61 – Presumption in Reference to Illegal Parking
3-3-62 – Local Parking Fines
3-3-63 – Failure to Pay Parking Citations

3-3-1 – SHORT TITLE.

This chapter may be known and cited as the “Traffic Code”.

3-7-2 – DEFINITIONS.

Where words and phrases used in this chapter are defined in Chapter 321 of the Code
of Iowa, such definitions shall apply to this Ordinance.

  1. “Park and parking” means the stopping or standing of a vehicle, except for the purpose
    of, and while actually engaged in, loading or unloading merchandise or passengers.
  2. “Stand or standing” means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except
    for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
  3. “Stop”, when required means complete cessation of movement.
  4. “Stop or stopping”, when prohibited, means any halting of a vehicle, even momentarily,
    whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic
    or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control sign
    or signal.
  5. “Business districts” means: the territory contiguous to and including a highway
    when fifty percent or more of the frontage thereon for a distance of three hundred
    feet or more is occupied by buildings in use for business.
  6. “Residential districts” means all areas of the City not included in business districts.
    (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.1)

3-3-3 – TRAFFIC ACCIDENT REPORTS.

The driver of a vehicle involved in an accident within the limits of this City shall
file a report as and when required by the Iowa Department of Transportation. A copy
of this report shall be filed with the Police Department. All such reports shall
be for the confidential use of the police department and shall be subject to the
provisions of Section 321.271 of the Code of Iowa.

The City shall maintain a suitable system of filing traffic accident reports. (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.266)

3-3-4 – POLICE DEPARTMENT TO SUBMIT ANNUAL REPORTS.

The Police Department shall prepare annually a traffic report which shall be filed
with the Mayor. Such report shall contain information on traffic matters in this
City concerning the number of traffic accidents, the number of persons killed or
injured, the number and nature of violations, and other pertinent traffic data including
the plans and recommendations for future traffic safety activities.

ENFORCEMENT AND OBEDIENCE TO TRAFFIC REGULATIONS

3-3-5 – AUTHORITY OF POLICE AND FIRE DEPARTMENT OFFICIALS.

Provisions of this chapter and the Iowa law relating to motor vehicles and law of
the road shall be enforced by the officers of the police department. The officers
of the police department are hereby authorized to direct all traffic by voice, hand
or signal in conformance with traffic laws. In the event of a fire or other emergency,
officers of the police department may direct traffic as conditions require notwithstanding
the provisions of the traffic laws. Officers of the fire department may direct or
assist the police in directing traffic threat or in the immediate vicinity. (Code
of Iowa, Sec. 321.229)

3-3-6 – REQUIRED OBEDIENCE TO PROVISIONS OF THIS CHAPTER AND STATE LAW.

Any person who shall willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order of
a police officer or direction of a fire department officer during a fire, or who
fails to abide by the provisions of this chapter and the applicable provisions of
the following Iowa statutes relating to motor vehicles and the law of the road is
in violation of this chapter. These sections of the Code are adopted by reference:

  1. 321.98    Operation without registration.
  2. 321.180   Violations of instruction permit limitations.
  3. 321.193   Violation of conditions of restricted license.
  4. 321.194   Violation of conditions of minor’s school license.
  5. 321.216   Unlawful use of license.
  6. 321.218   Driving without a valid license (as to simple misdemeanor offenses only)
  7. 321.219   Permitting unauthorized minor to drive.
  8. 321.220   Permitting unauthorized person to drive.
  9. 321.229   Failure to comply with lawful order of peace officer.
  10. 321.231   Failure of driver of emergency vehicle to exercise caution while on emergency run (stop signs and signals).
  11. 321.232   Radar jamming devices
  12. 321.234   Failure to observe seating requirements.
  13. 321.236   (Parking) Violation of local ordinance (not a state offense).
  14. 321.256   Failure to obey traffic control device.
  15.  321.257  Failure to obey or yield to pedestrian or to official traffic control signal.
  16. 321.260   Unlawful possession of or interference with traffic control device.
  17. 321.264   Striking unattended vehicle.
  18. 321.265   Striking fixtures upon a highway.
  19. 321.275   Motorcycle and motorized bicycles violations
  20. 321.277   Reckless driving.
  21. 321.278   Drag racing prohibited.
  22. 321.285   Speed restrictions.
  23. 321.286   Truck speed limits (highway).
  24. 321.287   Bus speed limits (highway).
  25. 321.288   Failure to maintain control.
  26. 321.294   Failure to maintain minimum speed when directed by officer.
  27. 321.295   Excessive speed on bridge.
  28. 321.297   Driving on wrong side of two-way highway
  29. 321.298   Failure to yield half of roadway upon meeting vehicle.
  30. 321.304   Passing on wrong side.
  31. 321.303   Unsafe passing
  32. 321.304   Unlawful passing.
  33. 321.305   Violating one-way traffic designation.
  34. 321.306   Improper use of lanes.
  35. 321.307   Following too closely.
  36. 321.308   Following too closely (truck and towing vehicles).
  37. 321.309   Failure to use approved drawbar.
  38. 321.310   Unlawful towing of four-wheeled trailer.
  39. 321.311   Turning from improper lane.
  40. 321.312   Making U-turn on curve or hill.
  41. 321.313   Unsafe starting of a stopped vehicle.
  42. 321.314   Unsafe turn or failure to give signal.
  43. 321.315   Failure to give continuous turn signal.
  44. 321.316   Failure to signal stop or rapid deceleration.
  45. 321.317   Signal light requirements; see equipment violation.
  46. 321.318   Incorrect hand signal.
  47. 321.319   Failure to yield to vehicle on right.
  48. 321.320   Failure to yield upon left turn.
  49. 321.321   Failure to yield upon entering through highway.
  50. 321.322   Failure to obey stop or yield sign.
  51. 321.323   Unsafe backing on highway.
  52. 321.324   Failure to yield to emergency vehicle.
  53. 321.325   Pedestrian disobeying traffic control signal.
  54. 321.326   Pedestrian walking on wrong side of highway.
  55. 321.327   Pedestrian right-of-way.
  56. 321.328   Pedestrian failing to use crosswalk.
  57. 321.329   Vehicle failing to yield to pedestrian.
  58. 321.331   Soliciting ride from within roadway.
  59. 321.332   Unlawful use of white cane.
  60. 321.333   Failure to yield to blind person.
  61. 321.340   Driving in or through safety zone.
  62. 321.341   Failure to properly stop at railroad crossing.
  63. 321.342   Failure to obey stop sign at railroad crossing.
  64. 321.343   Failure to stop certain cargo or passenger vehicle at railroad crossing.
  65. 321.344   Unlawful movement of construction equipment across railroad track.
  66. 321.353   Unsafe entry into sidewalk or roadway.
  67. 321.354   Stopping on traveled part of highway.
  68. 321.358   Stopping, standing, or parking where prohibited.
  69. 321.360   Prohibited parking in front of certain buildings.
  70. 321.361   Parking too far from curb/angular parking.
  71. 321.362   Parking without stopping engine and setting brake.
  72. 321.363   Driving with obstructed view or control.
  73. 321.365   Coasting upon downgrade.
  74. 321.366   Improper use of median, curb, or controlled access facility.
  75. 321.367   Failure to maintain distance fire-fighting vehicle.
  76. 321.368   Crossing unprotected fire hose.
  77. 321.369   Putting debris on highway/roadway.
  78. 321.370   Removing injurious material.
  79. 321.371   Clearing up wrecks.
  80. 321.372   School bus provisions.
  81. 321.377   Excessive speed of school bus.
  82. 321.381   Driving or towing unsafe vehicle.
  83. 321.382   Operating underpowered vehicle.
  84. 321.383   Failure to display reflective device on slow-moving vehicles.
  85. 321.384   Failure to use headlamps when required.
  86. 321.385   Insufficient number of headlamps.
  87. 321.386   Insufficient number of headlamps-motorcycles and motorized bicycles.
  88. 321.387   Improper rear lamp.
  89. 321.388   Improper registration plate lamp.
  90. 321.389   Improper rear reflector.
  91. 321.390   Reflector requirements.
  92. 321.391   Improper type of reflector.
  93. 321.392   Improper clearance lighting on truck or trailer.
  94. 321.393   Lighting device color and mounting.
  95. 321.394   No lamp or flag on rear-projecting load.
  96. 321.395   Parking on certain roadways without parking lights.
  97. 321.397   Improper light on bicycle.
  98. 321.398   Improper light on other vehicle.
  99. 321.402   Improper use of spotlight.
  100. 321.403   Improper use of auxiliary driving lights.
  101. 321.404   Improper brake light.
  102. 321.408   Back-up lamps.
  103. 321.409   Improperly adjusted headlamps.
  104. 321.415   Failure to dim.
  105. 321.419   Improper headlighting when night driving.
  106. 321.420   Excessive number of driving lights.
  107. 321.422   Lights of improper color-front or rear.
  108. 321.423   Special light/signal provision.
  109. 321.430   Defective braking equipment.
  110. 321.431   Brake performance ability.
  111. 321.432   Defective audible warning device.
  112. 321.433   Unauthorized use of emergency audible warning devices on motor vehicle.
  113. 321.434   Use of siren or whistle on bicycle.
  114. 321.436   Defective or unauthorized muffler system.
  115. 321.437   Mirrors.
  116. 321.438   Windshields.
  117. 321.439   Defective windshield wiper.
  118. 321.440   Defective tires.
  119. 321.441   Unauthorized use of metal tire or track.
  120. 321.442   Unauthorized use of metal projection on wheels.
  121. 321.444   Failure to use safety glass.
  122. 321.445   Failure to maintain or use safety belts.
  123. 321.446   Failure to secure child.
  124. 321.449   Special regulations.
  125. 321.450   Hazardous materials.
  126. 321.454   Width and length violations.
  127. 321.455   Excessive side projection of load – passenger vehicle.
  128. 321.456   Excessive height.
  129. 321.457   Excessive length.
  130. 321.468   Excessive projection from front of vehicle.
  131. 321.459   Excessive weight – dual axels (each over 2000 lb. over).
  132. 321.460   Spilling loads on highways.
  133. 321.461   Excessive tow-bar length.
  134. 321.462   Failure to use required towing equipment.
  135. 321.463   Maximum gross weight.
  136. 321.466   Gross weight in excess of registered gross weight (for each 2000 lb. over).

TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES

3-3-7 – AUTHORITY TO INSTALL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES.

The Chief of Police shall cause to be placed and maintained traffic-control devices
when and as required under this chapter or other Ordinances of this City to make
effective their provisions, and may so cause to be placed and maintained such additional,
emergency, or temporary traffic-control devices for the duration of an emergency
or temporary condition as traffic conditions may require, to regulate traffic under
the traffic Ordinances of this City or under State law or to guide or warn traffic.

The Chief of Police shall keep a record of all traffic-control devices maintained by the department.

All traffic-control devices shall comply with current standards established by the
Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways. (Code of Iowa,
Sec. 321.255 and 321.256)

3-3-8 – CITY COUNCIL TO DESIGNATE CROSSWALKS, ESTABLISH AND MARK TRAFFIC
LANES.

The Chief of Police is hereby authorized:

  1. To designate and maintain by appropriate devices, marks or lines upon the surface
    of the roadway, crosswalks at intersections where, due to traffic conditions, there
    is particular danger to pedestrians crossing the street or roadway, and at such
    other places as traffic conditions require.
  2. To mark lanes for traffic on street pavements at such places as traffic conditions
    require, consistent with the traffic Code of this City. Where traffic lanes have
    been marked, it shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to fail or refuse
    to keep such vehicle within the boundaries of a lane except when lawfully passing
    another vehicle or preparatory to making a lawful turning movement.

3-3-9 – PLAY STREETS.

The Mayor, with Council approval, has the authority to declare any street or part
thereof a play street and to place appropriate signs or devices in the roadway indicating
and helping to protect the same.

Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating any street or part thereof as a
play street, no person shall drive a vehicle upon the street or any portion thereof
except drivers of vehicles having business or whose residences are within the closed
area, and then the driver shall exercise the greatest care in driving upon the street
or portion thereof.

TURNING MOVEMENTS

3-3-10 – TURNING MARKERS, BUTTONS, AND SIGNS.

The Chief of Police may cause markers, buttons, or signs to be placed within or adjacent
to intersections, and thereby require and direct, as traffic conditions require,
that a different course from that specified by the State law be traveled by vehicles
turning at intersections, and when markers, buttons, or signs are so placed no driver
of a vehicle shall turn a vehicle at an intersection other than as directed and
required by the markers, buttons, or signs, including right-hand turns at intersections
with automatic traffic signals. (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.311)

3-3-11 – AUTHORITY TO PLACE RESTRICTED TURN SIGNS.

The Chief of Police is authorized to determine those intersections, as traffic conditions
require, at which the drivers of vehicles shall not make a right or left turn. The
making of turns may be prohibited between certain hours of any day, in which event
the same shall be plainly indicated on signs.

3-3-12 – OBEDIENCE TO NO-TURN SIGNS.

Whenever authorized signs are erected indicating that no right or left turn is permitted,
no driver of a vehicle shall disobey the directions of any such signs.

3-3-13 – “U” TURNS.

It shall be unlawful for a driver to make a “U” turn except at an intersection. “U” turns are prohibited at intersections within the business district and at intersections where there are automatic traffic signals.

ONE-WAY STREETS AND ALLEYS

3-3-14 – AUTHORITY TO RESTRICT DIRECTION OF MOVEMENT ON STREETS DURING
CERTAIN PERIODS.

The Chief of Police is authorized to determine and recommend to the Council
certain streets, or specified lanes thereon, upon which vehicular traffic shall
proceed in one direction during one period and the opposite direction during another
period of the day and shall, upon authority given by Ordinance, place and maintain
appropriate markings, signs, barriers, or other devices to give notice thereof.
The Council may erect signs temporarily designating lanes to be used by traffic
moving in a particular direction, regardless of the center line of the roadway.

It shall be unlawful for any person to operate any vehicle in violation of markings,
signs, barriers, or other devices placed in accordance with this section.

SPECIAL STOPS REQUIRED

3-3-15 – AUTHORITY TO ERECT STOP SIGNS.

Whenever any Ordinance of this City designates and describes a through highway it
shall be the duty of the City Council to cause to be placed and maintained a stop
sign on each and every street intersecting through highway except as modified in
the case of intersecting through highways.

3-3-16 – DESIGNATED STOPS AT INTERSECTING THROUGH HIGHWAYS AND OTHER
INTERSECTIONS.

At the intersections of through highways and at intersections upon streets other
than through highways, where, because of heavy cross-traffic or other traffic conditions,
particular hazard exists, the Chief of Police is hereby authorized to determine
whether vehicles shall stop or yield at one or more entrances to the intersection
and shall present recommendations to the Council, and, upon approval of the Council,
shall erect an appropriate sign at every place where a stop or yield is required.
The following locations shall be designated locations for stops signs. Every driver
of a vehicle shall stop in accordance with the following:

  1. Traveling East on Main Street, vehicles shall stop at Lake Street.
  2. Traveling East on Main Street, vehicles shall stop at 1st Street.
  3. Traveling East on Main Street, vehicles shall stop at 3rd Street
  4. Traveling West on Main Street, vehicles shall stop at 3rd Street.
  5. Traveling West on Main Street, vehicles shall stop at 1st Street.
  6. Traveling East on Park Street, vehicles shall stop at 1st Street.
  7. Traveling North on 1st Street, vehicles shall stop at Main Street.
  8. Traveling South on 1st Street, vehicles shall stop at Main Street.
  9. Traveling East on Washington Avenue, vehicles shall stop at Lake Street.
  10. Traveling East on Washington Avenue, vehicles shall stop at 1st Street.
  11. Traveling West on Washington Avenue, vehicles shall stop at 1st Street.
  12. Traveling West on Washington, vehicles shall stop at Lake Street.
  13. Traveling South on State Street, vehicles shall stop at Main Street.
  14. Traveling North on Lake Street, vehicles shall stop at Washington Avenue.
  15. Traveling South on Lake Street, vehicles shall stop at Main Street.
  16. Traveling South on 3rd Street, vehicles shall stop at Main Street.

3-3-17 – STOP WHEN TRAFFIC IS OBSTRUCTED.

Notwithstanding any traffic-control signal indication to proceed, no driver shall
enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on
the other side of the intersection or crosswalk to accommodate the vehicle.

PEDESTRIANS’ RIGHTS AND DUTIES

3-3-18 – PEDESTRIANS ON LEFT.

Where sidewalks are provided it shall be unlawful for any pedestrian to walk along
and upon an adjacent roadway. Where sidewalks are not provided pedestrians at all
times when walking on or along a roadway, shall walk on the left side of the roadway.
(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.326)

METHOD OF PARKING

3-3-19 – STANDING OR PARKING CLOSE TO CURB.

No person shall stand or park a vehicle in a roadway other than parallel with the
edge of the roadway headed in the direction of lawful traffic movement and with the
right-hand wheels of the vehicle within eighteen inches of the curb or edge oft he
roadway except as provided in the case of angle parking and vehicles parked on the
left-hand side of one-way streets. (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.361)

3-3-20 – SIGNS OR MARKINGS INDICATING ANGLE PARKING.

The Police Department, as traffic conditions require, shall determine upon what
streets angle parking shall be permitted and shall mark or sign the streets or portions
thereof indicating the method of angle parking. The determination shall be subject
to approval by Council resolution. (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.361)

3-3-21 – OBEDIENCE TO ANGLE PARKING SIGNS OR MARKINGS.

Upon those streets or portions of streets that have been signed or marked for angle
parking, no person shall park or stand a vehicle other than at an angle to the curb
or edge of the roadway or in the center of the roadway as indicated by the signs
and markings. Only angle parking shall be allowed at the following locations:

  • South side of Main Street from State Street to First (1st) Street.

STOPPING, STANDING, OR PARKING PROHIBITED IN SPECIFIED PLACES

3-3-22 – STOPPING, STANDING, OR PARKING PROHIBITED IN SPECIFIED PLACES.

No person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle except when necessary to avoid conflict
with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control
device, in any of the following places: (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358)

  1. On a sidewalk.
  2. In front of a public or private driveway
  3. Within an intersection.
  4. Within 5 (5) feet of either side of the point on the curb nearest to a fire hydrant.
  5. On a crosswalk.
  6. Within ten (10) feet upon the approach to any flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic-control
    signal located at the side of the roadway.
  7. Within fifty (50) feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing, except when parked
    parallel with such rail and not exhibiting a red light.
  8. Within twenty (20) feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station and on the
    side of a street opposite the entrance to any fire station within seventy-five (75)
    feet of said entrance when properly signposted.
  9. Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when such stopping, standing,
    or parking would obstruct traffic.
  10. On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped or parked at the edge or curb of street.
  11. Opposite the entrance to a garage or driveway in such a manner or under such conditions
    as to leave available less than twenty (20) feet of the width of the roadway for
    the free movement of vehicular traffic.
  12. Upon any street or in any alley in any part of the City in such a manner or under
    such conditions as to leave available less than ten (10) feet of the width of the
    roadway of such street or alley for the free movement of vehicular traffic, except
    when necessary in obedience to traffic regulations or traffic signs, or signals
    of a police officer.
  13. At any place where official signs or curb markings prohibit stopping, standing or
    parking.
  14. Within ten (10) feet of the crosswalk at all intersections within the City.
  15. In an alley under any fire escape at any time.

3-3-23 – AUTHORITY TO PAINT CURBS AND ERECT SIGNS PROHIBITING STANDING
OR PARKING.

When, because of restricted visibility or when standing or parked vehicles constitute
a hazard to moving traffic, or when other traffic conditions require, the Chief of Police
may cause curbings to be painted with a yellow or orange color and erect “no parking”
or “standing” signs. It shall be unlawful for the operator of any vehicle to stand
or park a vehicle in an area so painted or sign-posted. It shall be unlawful for
any person, other than after having first secured the permission of the Chief of Police,
to paint any curbing, sidewalk or street with yellow or orange colored paint or
to erect “no parking” signs. (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.358(10))

3-3-24 – AUTHORITY TO IMPOUND VEHICLES.

Members of the police department, are authorized to remove, or cause to be removed, a vehicle from a street, public alley, or highway to the nearest garage or other place of safety, or to a garage designated or maintained by the police department, or otherwise maintained by the City, under the following circumstances:

  1. When a vehicle is upon a roadway and is so disabled as to constitute an obstruction
    to traffic and the person or persons in charge of the vehicle are by reason of physical
    injury incapacitated to such an extent as to be unable to provide for its custody
    or removal.
  2. When any vehicle is left unattended upon a street and constitutes a definite hazard
    or obstruction to the normal movement of traffic.
  3. When any vehicle is left parked upon a street for a continuous period of forty-eight
    hours or more. A diligent effort shall first be made to locate the owner. If the
    owner is found, the owner shall be given the opportunity to remove the vehicle.
  4. When any vehicle is left parked in violation of a ban on parking during a snow emergency
    as proclaimed by the Mayor.

In addition to the penalties hereinafter provided, the owner or driver of any vehicle
impounded for violation of any of the provisions of this chapter shall be required
to pay the reasonable cost of towing charges and storage.

STOPPING STANDING OR PARKING

3-3-25 – PARKING SIGNS REQUIRED.

Whenever by this or any other chapter of this City Code any parking time limit is
imposed or parking is prohibited on designated streets or portions of streets it
shall be the duty of the Police Chief to erect appropriate signs giving notice thereof
and the regulations shall not be effective unless signs are erected and in place
at the time of any alleged offense. When signs are erected giving notice thereof,
no person shall disobey the restrictions stated on such signs. (Code of Iowa, Sec.
321.236)

3-3-26 – PARKING DURING SNOW EMERGENCY.

No person shall park, abandon, or leave unattended any vehicle on any public street,
alley, or City-owned off-street parking area during the time the snow or ice begins
to accumulate through the duration of the snow or ice storm unless the snow or ice
has been removed or plowed from said street, alley, or parking area and the snow
or ice has ceased to fall.

The ban shall be enforced whenever the parking of a vehicle interferes with the
removal of snow or ice. If the owner of a vehicle in violation of this ban fails
to promptly remove such vehicle, the vehicle will receive a citation and a towing
service will be contacted for the purpose of removing said vehicle at the owner’s
expense. (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.236)

Date: 1-3-06
The City’s obligation to remove snow and/or ice from the City streets takes precedence
over accidental damage to privately owned fences, mailboxes, vehicles and any other
obstacles. Reasonable care will be used to avoid damage to private property: but due
to the conditions of winter, the City assumes no liability in the event of damage
unless it can be established that operator negligence was in primary reason for
the damage. In general, privately owned vehicles that are parked on the City streets,
right of way, or alleys will not be moved, but may be moved enough to allow equipment
to pass. Again, no liability for any damage is assumed unless negligence can be
established. It is the owners responsibility to have vehicles and any obstacle removed
for the snow or ice removal by City.(inserted verbatim from City Ordinance)

Date: 1-3-06
Mayor: Joyce G. Russell
City Clerk: Ed May

3-3-27 – ALL-NIGHT PARKING PROHIBITED.

No person, except physicians or other persons on emergency calls, shall park a vehicle
on any street marked to prohibit all night parking and giving notice thereof, for
a period of time longer than thirty minutes between the hours of 2 a.m. and 5 a.m.
of any day.

3-3-28 – TRUCK PARKING LIMITED.

Trucks licensed for five tons or more, shall not be parked on any public streets other than when engaged in the process of actually loading or unloading the truck.

MISCELLANEOUS DRIVING RULES

3-3-29 – VEHICLES NOT TO BE DRIVEN ON SIDEWALKS.

The driver of a vehicle shall not drive upon or within any sidewalk area.

3-3-30 – CLINGING TO VEHICLES.

No person shall drive a motor vehicle on the streets of this City unless all passengers
of the vehicle are inside the ‘vehicle in the place intended for their accommodation.
No person shall ride on the running board of a motor vehicle or in any other place
not customarily used for carrying passengers. No person riding upon any bicycle,
coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself or
herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.

3-3-31 – PARKING FOR CERTAIN PURPOSES PROHIBITED.

No person shall park a vehicle upon the roadway for the principal purpose of:

  1. Displaying such vehicle for sale.
  2. Displaying advertising.
  3. Selling merchandise from the vehicle except in a duly established market place or
    when so authorized or licensed under the Ordinances of this City.
  4. Storage or as junk or dead storage for more than forty-eight hours.

3-3-32 – DRIVING THROUGH FUNERAL OR OTHER PROCESSION.

No driver of any vehicle shall drive between the vehicles comprising a funeral or
other authorized procession while they are in motion and when the vehicles are conspicuously
designated as required in this chapter. This provision shall not apply at intersections
where traffic is controlled by traffic-control signals or police officers.

3-3-33 – DRIVERS IN A PROCESSION.

Each driver in a funeral or other procession shall drive as near to the right-hand
edge of the roadway as practical and shall follow the vehicle ahead as closely as
is practical and safe.

3-3-34 – FUNERAL PROCESSIONS TO BE IDENTIFIED.

A funeral procession composed of vehicles shall be identified as such by the display
upon the outside of each vehicle of a pennant or other identifying insignia or by
such other method as may be determined and designated by the police department.

3-3-35 – LOAD RESTRICTIONS UPON VEHICLES USING CERTAIN STREETS.

When signs are erected giving notice thereof, no person shall operate any vehicle
with a gross weight in excess of the amounts specified on the signs at any time upon
any of the following streets with in the City and none other:

3-3-36 – TRUCK ROUTES.

  1. Every motor vehicle licensed for five tons or more, having no fixed terminal within the City or making no schedule or definite stops within the City for the purpose of loading or unloading, shall travel over or upon the following streets within the City and none other:
    • County Road S-18 (Eagle Avenue)
  2. Any motor vehicle licensed for five tons or more, having a fixed terminal, making a scheduled or definite stop within the City for the purpose of loading or unloading, shall proceed over or upon the designated routes set out in this section to the nearest point of its scheduled or definite stop and shall proceed thereto, load or unload and return, by the most direct route to its point of departure from the designated route.
  3. The owner, or any other person, employing or otherwise directing the driver of any
    vehicle shall not require or knowingly permit the operation of such vehicle upon
    a street in any manner contrary to this section.

3-3-37 – VEHICULAR NOISE.

1. It shall be unlawful for any person to make, continue to cause any disturbing, excessive or offensive noise which results in discomfort or annoyance to any reasonable person of normal sensitivity by means of radio, compact disk player, stereo, speakers, cassette tape player or similar sound device in a motor vehicle.

2. The operation of any radio, compact disk player, stereo, speakers, cassette tape player or similar sound device in such a manner so as to be audible at a distance of two hundred (200′) from the motor vehicle shall constitute evidence of a prima facie violation of this section.

3-3-38 – ENGINE AND COMPRESSION BRAKES.

1. It shall be unlawful for the driver of any vehicle to use or operate or cause to be used or operated within the City, any engine brake, compression brake or mechanical exhaust device designed to aid in the braking or deceleration of any vehicle that results in excessive, loud, unusual or explosive noise from such vehicle.

2. The usage of an engine brake, compression brake or mechanical exhaust device designed to aid in braking or deceleration in such a manner so as to be audible at a distance of three hundred feet (300′) from the motor vehicle shall constitute evidence of a prima facie violation of this section.

BICYCLE REGULATIONS

3-3-39 – DEFINITIONS.

For the purpose of this Chapter the following terms are defined:

1. “Bicycles” shall mean either of the following.
a. A device having two wheels and having at least one saddle or seat for the use of a rider which is propelled by human power.
b. A device having two or more wheels with fully operable peddles and an electric motor less than seven hundred fifty watts (one horsepower), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden, is less that twenty miles per hour.(Code of Iowa, Sec. 321.1)

 

3-3-40 -TRAFFIC CODE APPLIES TO PERSONS RIDING BICYCLES.

Every person riding a bicycle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights
and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to drivers of vehicles by the
laws of this State regarding rules of the road applicable to vehicles or by the
traffic Ordinances of this City applicable to drivers of vehicles, except as to
those provisions which by their nature can have no application. Whenever a person
dismounts from a bicycle such person shall be subject to all regulations applicable to pedestrians.

3-3-41 – RIDING ON BICYCLES.

A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than astride a permanent and regular seat.

No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.

3-3-42 – RIDING ON ROADWAYS AND BICYCLE PATHS.

Every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to the right-hand side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.

Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two(2) abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.

Whenever a usable path for bicycles has been provided adjacent to a roadway, bicycle riders shall use such path and shall not use the roadway.

3-3-43 – SPEED.

No person shall operate a bicycle at a speed greater than is reasonable and prudent under existing conditions.

3-3-44 – EMERGING FROM ALLEY OR DRIVEWAY.

The operators of a bicycle emerging from an alley, driveway, or building shall, upon approaching a sidewalk or the sidewalk area extending across any alleyway, yield the right of way to all pedestrians approaching on the sidewalk or sidewalk area, and upon entering the roadway shall yield the right of way to all vehicles approaching on said roadway.

3-3-45 – CARRYING ARTICLES.

No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle, or article which prevents the rider from keeping at least one hand upon the handle bars.

3-3-46 – PARKING.

Bicycles shall be parked upon the roadway of a street against the curb, or upon the sidewalk in a rack to support bicycles, or against a building, or at the curb, in such a manner as to afford the least obstruction to pedestrian traffic.

3-3-47 – RIDING ON SIDEWALKS.

No person shall ride a bicycle on a sidewalk within a business district.

When signs are erected on a sidewalk or roadway prohibiting the riding of bicycles on the sidewalk or roadway, no person shall disobey such signs.

Whenever a person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk, the person shall yield the right of way to any pedestrian and shall give a timely audible signal before overtaking and passing a pedestrian.

3-3-48 – LAMPS AND OTHER EQUIPMENT ON BICYCLES.

Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front that emits a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front and with a red reflector on the rear of a type that is visible from all distances from 50 feet to 300 feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.

Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will enable the operator to make the braked wheel skid on dry, level, clean pavement.

SNOWMOBILES

3-3-49 – SNOWMOBILE DEFINITIONS.

  1. “Snowmobile” means a self-propelled vehicle designed for travel on snow or ice in
    a natural terrain steered by wheels, skis or runners.
  2. “Operate” means to control the operation of a snowmobile.
  3. “Operator” means a person who operates or is in actual control of a snowmobile.

3-3-50 – PERMITTED AREAS OF OPERATION.

Snowmobiles will be allowed to operate in the City but only on the roadway portion
of City right-of-way. Snowmobiles shall not be allowed to operate on the parking
portion, that area from the roadway to the right-of-way line abutting private property,
of city right-of-way, and shall also be subject to the following regulations.

3-3-51 – REGULATIONS.

It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a snowmobile under the following
circumstances:

  1. On private property of another without the express permission to do so by the owner
    or occupant of said property.
  2. On public school grounds, park property, playgrounds, recreational areas and golf
    courses without express permission to do so by the proper public authority.
  3. In a manner so as to create loud, unnecessary or unusual noise so as to disturb
    or interfere with the peace and quiet of other persons.
  4. In a careless, reckless or negligent manner so as to endanger the safety of any
    person or property of any other person.
  5. Without having such snowmobile registered as provided for by Iowa Statute except
    that this provision shall not apply to the operation of a snowmobile on the private
    property ofthe owner by the owner or a member of his immediate family.
  6. Within the right-of-way of any public street or alley within the City unless the
    operator shall have a valid driver’s license; or an instruction permit and accompanied
    by a qualified licensed driver.
  7. No person shall operate a snowmobile in the City from eleven o’clock (11:00) p.m.
    to eight o’clock (8:00) a.m., except for the purpose of loading and unloading a
    snowmobile from another vehicle or trailer.

3-3-52 – EQUIPMENT REQUIRED.

All snowmobiles operated within the City shall have the following equipment:

  1. Mufflers which are properly attached and which reduce the noise of operation of the vehicle to the minimum noise necessary for operating the vehicle and no person shall use a muffler cut-out, by-pass or similar device on said vehicle.
  2. Adequate brakes in good condition and at least one headlight and one taillight.
  3. A safety or so-called “dead-man” throttle in operating condition; a safety or “dead-man”
    throttle is defined as a device which when pressure is removed from the accelerator
    or throttle causes the motor to be disengaged from the driving track.

3-3-53 – UNATTENDED VEHICLES.

It is unlawful for the owner or operator to leave or allow a snowmobile to be or
remain unattended on public property while the motor is running or the key left
in the ignition.

3-3-54 – RESTRICTION OF OPERATION.

The City Council may, by resolution, prohibit the operation of snowmobiles within
the right-of-way of the public roads, streets or alley or other City property within
the City when the public safety and welfare so requires.

3-3-55 – TRAFFIC REGULATION.

Each person operating a snowmobile shall strictly observe all traffic signs and signals and all other traffic rules and regulations applicable thereto, and shall obey the orders and directions of any police officer of the City authorized to direct or regulate traffic.
OFF-ROAD VEHICLES

3-3-56 – DEFINITIONS.

  1. “All-terrain vehicle”(ATV)means a motor vehicle designed to travel on three or more wheels and designed primarily for off-road recreational use. “All-terrain vehicle” include off-road utility vehicles as defined in Section 321I.1, but does not include farm tractors or equipment, construction equipment, forestry vehicles, or lawn and grounds maintenance vehicles.
  2. “Off-road motorcycle” means a two-wheeled motor vehicle that has a seat or saddle designed to be straddled by the operator and handlebars for steering control and that is intended by the manufacturer for use on natural terrain. “Off-road motorcycle” includes a motorcycle that was originally issued a certificate of title and registered for highway use under Chapter 321, but which contains design features that enable operation over natural terrain.
  3. “Off-road utility vehicle” means a motorized flotation-tire vehicle with not less than four and not more than six low-pressure tires hat is limited in engine displacement to less than one thousand five hundred cubic centimeters and in total dry weight to not more than one thousand eight hundred pounds and that has a steering wheel for control. (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321I.1(1))

3-3-57 – OPERATION OF OFF-ROAD VEHICLES.

The operation of ATV or off-road motorcycles shall comply with the following restrictions:
1. Streets. Only on such streets as may be designated by the City Council.
(Code of Iowa 321.234A) (Code of Iowa 321I)
2. Prohibited Operation. Shall not be operated on sidewalks, railroad right-of-way, parks, or other City land.
3. Time of Operation. Shall only be operated between sunrise and sunset unless such vehicle is equipped with a working, lighted headlamp and tail lamp.
(Code of Iowa 321I.13)
4. Compliance with State Code. All operation shall comply with Iowa Code Chapter 321I.
GOLF CARTS

3-3-58 – DEFITIONS.

For use in this ordinance “golf cart” is defined as a motorized 4-wheeled designed to transport person(s) on a golf course.

3-3-59 – OPERATION OF GOLF CARTS.

Golf carts may be operated on City streets by person possessing a valid driver’s license. The City Council may impose restrictions and conditions in addition to those set forth in this section. A golf cart shall not be operated upon a City street which is a primary road extension, i.e., State or Federal highway, but shall be allowed to cross a City street which is a primary road extension through the City. The golf cart shall be equipped with adequate brakes, a slow-moving vehicle sign, and a bicycle safety flag unless the cart is equipped with adequate headlights and taillights. The golf cart shall be operated only on the streets from sunrise to sunset unless equipped with a working lighted headlamp and tail lamp. Golf carts operated on city streets need not be registered under Chapter 321 of the Code of Iowa.

PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE

3-3-60 – NOTICE OF FINE PLACED ON ILLEGALLY PARKED VEHICLE.

Whenever any motor vehicle without a driver is found parked or stopped in violation of any of the restrictions imposed by any Ordinance of this City or State law, the officer finding such vehicle shall prepare a notice of parking fine giving the registration number, and other identifying information to such vehicle in a conspicuous place and directing the driver of the vehicle to appear within thirty days, or to pay the local scheduled fine.

3-3-61 – PRESUMPTION IN REFERENCE TO ILLEGAL PARKING.

In any prosecution charging a violation of any parking Ordinance or State law governing the standing, stopping, or parking of a vehicle, proof that the particular vehicle described in the complaint was parked in violation of any such Ordinance or law, together with proof that the defendant named in the complaint was at the time of such parking violation the registered owner of such vehicle, shall constitute prima facie evidence that the registered owner of such vehicle was the person who parked or placed such vehicle at the point where, and for the time during which such violation occurred.

3-3-62 – LOCAL PARKING FINES.

Scheduled fines as follows are established, payable by mail or in person at the City Clerk’s office within thirty days of the violation, for the following parking violations: (Code of Iowa, Sec. 321L.4(2))

Penalty After
30 Days
1. Overtime Parking $5.00 $10.00
2. Prohibited Parking $5.00 $10.00
3. No parking zone $5.00 $10.00
4. Blocking alley $5.00 $10.00
5. Illegal parking $5.00 $10.00
6. Street Cleaning $5.00 $10.00
7. Snow removal ban $25.00 $50.00
8. Persons with disabilities parking $200.00 $400.00

(Code of Iowa, Sec.321I.4(2))

3-3-63 – FAILURE TO PAY PARKING CITATIONS.

If a violator of the restrictions on stopping, standing, or parking under the parking Ordinances of this City or of State law fails to make payment of the scheduled fine as specified on a parking citation affixed to such motor vehicle within the thirty (30) days, the City shall send the owner of the motor vehicle to which the parking citation was affixed a letter informing the owner of the violation and warning that in the event the penalty is not paid within five days from date of mailing, a court citation will be issued requiring a court appearance and subjecting the violator to court costs.

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